Based in Sydney, Australia, Foundry is a blog by Rebecca Thao. Her posts explore modern architecture through photos and quotes by influential architects, engineers, and artists.

Leviticus Chapter 4

Leviticus Chapter 4

Natural Attributes

Omniscient – You know everything.    You know we will sin unintentionally.  You know our hearts.  You know how to make sin offering before You.  You know what is highly valued.  You know it is a life being poured out for someone who did something wrong.  It is a life for a life.  You are all-knowing.

Omnipotent- You can do anything. You make the sin offering for sins committed unintentionally.  You put it into their hearts to follow it.  You make it happen.  Sin must really stink and You cove it over and make a soothing aroma to You.  You are all-powerful.

Omnipresent – You are in the midst of Israel and in their hearts.  You are here with me and in my heart.  You are everywhere.  You are all-present.

Eternal – You are the cause of time.  You are forever and for generations.  You are 3,000 years ago.  You are today.  You are time.

Immutable – You do not change. The anointed priest will sin and bring guilt on the people.  The priest will make atonement for the priests, the whole congregation, the leaders, and common individuals and they will be forgiven.        You will never be made to change.

Self – Existent – You exist by Yourself.  You do not need the sin offering to exist.  It is You who make up Israel and the sin offering’s existence.  You choose their existence.

Self-Sufficient – You do not need any of Your creation to bring about Your will or Your purpose.  You choose to use       Moses, Aaron and his sons, Israel, and sin offerings because it is Your good pleasure, not Your need, that governs Your choice.

Infinite – There are no limits or bounds to Your person or dominion.  There are no bounds to Your leadership or teaching.  There are no limits to what You will command.

Transcendent – You are apart from Your creation.  You teach me about You through Your sin offering.  People sin always and its stench rises up to You.  The sin offering covers it and is a soothing aroma to You.  You teach how to follow the right way.  How we may do the right and good and loving thing.  I must be so used to smelling sin I either cannot smell it or I’m used to the smell.  I do not know how not to sin and I do not know when I am unintentionally sinning and I do not know how to confess to You my sins I have committed.  I feel that I will never do the right thing.

Sovereign – You make up Your sin offering to You.  It is You who speaks to Moses and gives Your commands.  You cover over their sins and cause a soothing aroma to Yourself.  You give all of Your regulations.  You are in complete control and You are doing Your foreknown plan!

Moral Attributes

Holy – You are a morally excellent, perfect being.  You sanctify the sin offering for Your purpose.

Gracious – You show Israel Your favor by providing a life for a life and covering over their sin and forgiving them.

Merciful – You show Israel compassion by teaching them how they can be forgiven and cause a soothing aroma to You.

Righteous – You are always right.  You teach Israel how to follow the right way and do the right thing.

Longsuffering – You are patient with Israel and slow to anger.

Just – Those who follow the sin offering You forgive and those who do not You do not forgive them they are still guilty.

Loving – You love Israel and You love me.  You reveal Yourself through Your sin offering.  You give a part of Yourself so that we may be accepted before You and forgiven.

Good – Your sin offering makes atonement for the stench of sin and You forgive them and sends a soothing aroma to You.

Wise – Your wisdom causes You to do the thing You do.  You give Your regulations of how to make a sin offering, of what a person is to do and what the priest is supposed to do.

Truthful – What You say is truth.  The sin offering will be followed by Your exact specifications.  The sin offering is now through your son, Jesus Christ.

Faithful – You do as You promised.  The stench of sin is covered over through Jesus’ sacrifice for my sin offering so that I may be forgiven.  It is a soothing aroma to You.

Wrathful – You will destroy all unrighteousness.

Jealous – You will not share Israel or the sin offering, what is rightly and morally Yours with any creature.


Incomprehensible – What does this mean?  How does it relate to me?  If Jesus Christ is my perfect sin offering then am I accepted before You?  He makes atonement for me, am I forgiven?  Does He cover the stench of sin?  He is a soothing aroma before You.  What does it mean that I am forgiven?  Does it mean that You are not angry with me anymore?

Forgive – Gen 50:17; Ex 32:32; Cover over; atone for; Ps 79:9; Jer 18:23; Matt 6:12; Jesus Matt 9:6; Didn’t have to pay debt Matt 18:27; Mark 2:7; Luke 7:47; Why did Jesus have to ask You?  Luke 23:34; 2 Cor 2:10; Eph 4:32; Made me alive Col 2:13; 1 John 1:9 cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

…to give up resentment against or the desire to punish

Why do You repeat things over and over again?  Why Jehovah My God do You give every specific detail that can be very, very confusing AND frustrating?  How do I remember?  How do I figure it out?  Why are sin offerings for priests and the whole congregation different from sin offerings for a leader, for anyone of the common people and a female lamb?

Why do You give a man who sins the authority to make atonement for another man?  Should I listen to the priests of today?  How are they different from the Levites?

What is atonement?  Why are female goats accepted to make atonement?  What does that mean?  If these sacrifices point to Jesus Christ as our sin offering then why do we die?

If I confess my sins, His is faithful and righteous to forgive us me my sins and to cleanse me from all unrighteousness.  How can that be?  I do not feel clean.

Forgiveness – Neh 9:17; Ps 130:4; Matt 26:28; Luke 24:47; Acts 10:43; Eph 1:7; Col 1:14; Heb 9:22

…to give up; to leave; abandon

Thou didst not forsake them.

That Thou mayest be feared.  The reason You forgive is to be feared?

In Him I have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of my trespasses, according to the riches of His grace, …

…in whom I have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.

Redemption – to buy back; to get back; 5) a) to set free by paying a ransom; b) to deliver from sin and its penalties, as by a sacrifice made for a sinner; 7)a) to make amends or atone for; 6) to restore (oneself) to favor by making amends; c) to make worthwhile; justify. SYN: RESCUE

Trespass – to go beyond the limits of what is considered right or moral; do wrong; transgress

Sovereign – You teach this ritual.  It is You Israel worships.  You cause the burnt offering and the grain offering.  It is pleasing to You.  You are pleased.  You are in complete control and You are doing Your foreknown plan!


Holy – You are a morally excellent, perfect being.  You sanctify Your grain offering for Your purpose.

Gracious – You show Israel Your favor by giving them the grain offering in order to be accepted before You.

Righteous – You are always right.  You teach the sons of Israel Your right way to follow.

Longsuffering –You are patient with Israel and slow to anger.

Merciful – You show Israel Your compassion by teaching them about Your grain offering that they may know how to be accepted before You. 

Loving – You love the sons of Israel.  You love grain offerings.  A soothing aroma to You is pleasing and covers our stench.

Good – You reveal Yourself through Your grain offering.  It is a part of You.  You can smell and You are a consuming fire.  Your grain offering allows Israel to be accepted before You.

Wise – Your wisdom causes You to do the things You do.  You give information about all the different types of grain offering and what to do.  You give information how to present it and what to do.  Your grain offering is important information.

Just – Anyone who does presents Your grain offering by Your specifications will be accepted before You.  Everyone else will not be accepted.

Truthful – You do what You say.  You always speak the Truth.  Your grain offering will be done as You say.

Faithful – You always do what You promise.  The grain offering makes Israel Your people and You their God.

Wrathful – You will destroy all unrighteousness.

Jealous –You will not share Israel or Your grain offerings with any other creature.  They are Yours.


Incomprehensible – Was Jesus just our sin offering?  Why do you give specifications about Your burnt offerings and grain offering?  Could I ever hope to be accepted before Your?

How does Your grain offering relate to me?  How will I ever remember every detail?  Who am I to know this information?  What do You want?  What is expected of me?  What am I to do?  If I burn my pages worshipping You will Your receive it?  Should I try with this page, should I offer them all to You, or should I start with page 1?  It is an offering by fire to You.  How will I know?  Have You put it in my heart to do so?

A grain offering is of fine flour, pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it.  So, it is just the flour?  It’s not baked then?  The priest takes a handful of its fine flour and of its oil with all its frankincense, and burns it up in fire?  That is very interesting.  What does that smell like?  Would I be sinning against You if I tried to reproduce that?  After the priest takes a handful out, the rest belongs to the priest; it is now holy because it has been separated for Your purpose as a soothing aroma to You.

Even things that have been made from the flour the priest breaks and puts into the fire and then the remainder belongs to the priest.

Salt is very important.  Why?  What does it mean?  How do You know salt is used?  ‘A soothing aroma to You’ means You can smell and the salt suggests You can taste.  Are they preparing a meal for you?

The burnt offering is meat.  The grain offering is bread.  Do they burn up or do they burn black?  What does this mean?  How does this relate to me?

Leviticus Chapter 5

Leviticus Chapter 5

Leviticus Chapter 1

Leviticus Chapter 1